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*Italy: From Fascism to Liberation in Rome

Rome, Italy

IntroductionAcademicsLocation Faculty Program Director CostsDatesApplication

This program will not run in summer 2016. The International Center anticipates offering this program again in the future, please check this website for updates.


The MU International Center sponsors this summer, faculty-led study abroad program in collaboration with the Department of History. MU professor Linda Reeder will lead this three-credit program in Rome, Italy.

In September 1922, Mussolini announced, "it is our intention to make Rome the city of our spirit, a city that is purged and disinfected of all the elements, that have corrupted it and dragged it into mire. We aim to make Rome the beating heart, the galvanizing spirit of the imperial Italy that we dream of." Because of its significance for the Fascist party, Rome came to encapsulate the history of both Italian Fascism and the war. Traces of the Fascist dictatorship, the fall of Mussolini and subsequent German invasion, deportations and resistance are still visible in city streets and neighborhoods.

This program will explore the history of Fascism and German occupation in Italy through the city of Rome. You will study how fascism remade Rome, the arrival of the Germans, the history of the Jewish community and the deportations, and the resistance. During the four-week session, you will engage in weekly discussions of primary and secondary source readings. Each week, you will go on walking tours of the city seeking out the places that appear in the readings. The program will also include tours of museums, war memorials and monuments.

The goal of the class is to produce a museum-like exhibit of Rome between 1922 and 1945 that will be shown on the MU campus the following fall semester. You will provide the written text and photographs for the exhibit. Participants from summer 2014 also built an online exhibit that will continue to grow over the years.

The Kinder Institute on Constitutional Democracy is offering $2,500 in scholarships to participants on this program. Please contact the faculty program director for more information and how to apply.



You will be enrolled in one or two MU courses for a total of three or four credits.

HIST 4585/4085H or ITAL 4960 | section 1: Rome: From Fascism to Liberation (3) will provide an understanding of the history and politics of fascism. You will also focus on fascist social policies and attempts to reorganize civic life and culture, in addition to the war in Rome, from the Allied bombings in fall 1943 to the German occupation. Through reading and walking tours, you will learn about life under the Germans and the deportation of Italian Jews. The course will also highlight the history of the formal and informal resistance in Rome and the liberation.

ITAL 4960 | section 2: Italian Language (1) is an optional additional course for students who choose to enroll in ITAL 4960 section 1. You will complete Italian language course work and earn a combined total of four credits. Students who enroll in HIST 4085/4085H are not eligible to enroll in this course.

Academic credit

You will be enrolled in actual MU courses. You are guaranteed to receive MU credit for successfully completed courses; however, you must work with your academic adviser(s) to obtain pre-approval as to how courses might fulfill degree requirements.

MU students: Grades will calculate into your MU GPA and appear on your MU transcript when grades are recorded by the faculty program director. You must work with your academic adviser(s) to obtain pre-approval as to how the courses might fulfill degree requirements.

Non-MU/visiting students: Transcripts will be issued from MU and can be mailed to your home university. You must work with your home university to determine how credit from the program will transfer. The MU International Center will issue one transcript per student to one domestic address, as indicated on your Non-MU Student Application for Study Abroad. Additional MU transcripts for study abroad must be requested and purchased from the MU Registrar.


Accommodations and meals

You will stay in student apartments with cooking facilities in Rome.

Host city and surrounding areas

Rome is considered by many to be a living, open-air museum always in translation having thrived as a global force for nearly 2,700 years. Visitors to this great city literally walk in the footsteps of Julius Caesar, Augustus, and other famous conquers who ruled over the vast Roman Empire from the heart of the city. Visits to the Colosseum, Villa Borghese, Piazza di Spagna, St. Peter’s Basillica, and the Vatican are only the start of grand adventures you will have during your stay in this vibrant city. As they say, when in Rome, do as the Romans do! Mingle with locals and learn Italian while enjoying the sights, sounds, and tastes of Rome. Don’t leave until you’ve relaxed the afternoon away sipping espresso at a quaint café and eaten as much pasta as your stomach can hold in Piazza Navona. Walk along the winding stone paths, bask in the beauty of Rome’s collection of Renaissance and Baroque art, and so much more. There is something for everyone in Rome.


You will travel with the group, but will have opportunities to explore some sites independently during your time abroad.

Tentative itinerary

  • June 1: Arrive in Rome
  • June 2: Class; orientation
  • June 3: Class; tour il Vittoriano
  • June 4: Class
  • June 5: Class; tour Villa Torlonia
  • June 6: Tour Museo di Palazzo Venezia, Forum and Trajan's Market, Coliseum, Palatine Hill
  • June 7: Free day
  • June 8: Free day
  • June 9: Class
  • June 10: Tour the Vatican
  • June 11: Class; walking tour Flaminia and Pairoli
  • June 12: Class; lo stadio
  • June 13: Class; zoo and Villa Borghese
  • June 14: Free day
  • June 15: Free day
  • June 16: Class
  • June 17: Walking tour San Lorenzo and university
  • June 18: Class; walking tour Via Veneto neighborhood
  • June 19: Tour Ghetto and Jewish Museum
  • June 20: Class
  • June 21: Free day
  • June 22: Free day
  • June 23: Class; walking tour Quadraro neighborhood
  • June 24: Tour of Museo Storico della Liberazione Museo della Resistanza and Fosse Ardeatine
  • June 25: Class; walking tour Ponte di Ferro bread riots, monuments at Piramide and Galleria Doria Pamphili
  • June 26: Class
  • June 27: Class
  • June 28: Group farewell dinner
  • June 29: Housing ends/Student departure

Faculty program director

MU faculty member Linda Reeder, Department of History, will accompany the students to Rome.

Faculty-led programs enrich the study abroad experience as well as the MU campus by providing students opportunities to study other cultures and disciplines in depth while gaining new perspectives on our own society. Faculty leaders serve as mentors, role-models and resources as students explore their host institution and country.

Linda Reeder

Linda Reeder

Linda Reeder is specializes in Italian women's history. Her research interests focus on gender, sexuality, transnational migration, national belonging and, most recently, female insanity. She has published a book on women entitled "Widows in White: Migration and the Transformation of Rural Italian Women," as well as articles on masculinity and migration. She is currently working on a history of gender and the making of modern Italy. At MU, she teaches courses on the history of modern Italy, European women's history and Europe in the 20th century.


Program Budget

Additional Expenses

In addition to the program costs paid to MU, you will have expenses associated with international travel and living abroad. The amounts listed are estimated costs based on current exchange rates and on the information provided to us by your host institution and past participants. Depending on your personal spending habits, you may spend more or less than the figures provided.

Please note that these expenses do not include vacation travel or sightseeing.

Financial Aid Information

If you are awarded financial aid for study abroad, it will be applied to your MU account according to the regular financial aid disbursement schedule. Reminder: You must be enrolled in study abroad and have completed the required financial aid forms for study abroad in order to be considered for aid.

Because non-resident tuition charges apply, MU students should be eligible to use non-resident scholarship towards the program costs.

Dates and Deadlines

Term Application Deadline Program Start Program End
Summer 2016 02/15/2016 05/30/2016 06/27/2016

Early acceptance date for summer 2016 programs: December 18, 2015

Summer faculty-led programs fill up quickly! Submit your application by the early acceptance date to ensure preferred consideration for admission and to be eligible for International Center scholarship funds reserved for early acceptance applicants. Applications are still welcome after the early acceptance date, but must be received by the final application deadline for consideration.


We are delighted that you are applying to study abroad. This is the first step of your journey, and while there is a lot to do, it should not be overwhelming. Once you apply for the program, you will have an electronic checklist to help you through the process. In addition, our study abroad staff are available to answer your questions.

  1. Meet with the MU International Center study abroad adviser listed in the program snapshot if you have any questions.
  2. Start an application in using the button below if you are an MU student.
    • Non-MU students should visit our page for Non-MU participants for more information about the application process.
    • Once you have started an application, you can return to it later by logging in to myStudyAbroad (see the button at the top of the page).
  3. Complete your application. There will be several documents that need to be completed for the application. While specific requirements vary by program, a typical application consists of the following:
    • Material submissions - Printable forms which require the physical submission of materials.
    • Signature Documents - Items you may digitally sign (if you are over 18 years of age) to indicate your agreement and understanding.
    • Recommendations - Recommendations may be submitted electronically by MU faculty and staff.
    • Application Questionnaires - Items that you complete and submit electronically.

This program is not currently accepting applications.